Статья ориентирована на нефинансовых менеджеров и может быть использована в качестве настольной памятки по управлению себестоимостью для руководителей. Сформулированы принципы всех основных подходов к учету затрат.
«Ответственность - вот условие для рывка вперед, и в этом заключается наиболее ценный урок всеобщего менеджмента качества.» Взгляд авторитетного европейца на конкурентоспособность постсоветских экономик. TQM рассматривается как основной приоритет развития менеджмента современных компаний.
Publication date: February 2017 Source:Journal of Accounting and Economics, Volume 63, Issue 1 Author(s): Kin Lo, Felipe Ramos, Rafael Rogo We explore how the readability of annual reports varies with earnings management. Using the Fog Index to measure readability (Li, 2008), and focusing on the management discussion and analysis section of the annual report (MD&A), we predict and find that firms most likely to have managed earnings to beat the prior year's earnings have MD&As that are more complex. This disruption of the overall pattern of readability increasing with the level of earnings found in Li (2008) challenges the ontological explanation that good news is inherently easier to communicate, and shows that obfuscation contributes to making disclosures more complex.
Publication date: August 2015 Source:Journal of Accounting and Economics, Volume 60, Issue 1 Author(s): Thomas Lys, James P. Naughton, Clare Wang We document that corporate social responsibility (“CSR”) expenditures are not a form of corporate charity nor do they improve future financial performance. Rather, firms undertake CSR expenditures in the current period when they anticipate stronger future financial performance. We show that the causality of the positive association between CSR expenditures and future firm performance differs from what is claimed in the vast majority of the literature and that corporate accountability reporting is another channel through which outsiders may infer insiders’ private information about firms’ future financial prospects.
Publication date: April–May 2015 Source:Journal of Accounting and Economics, Volume 59, Issues 2–3 Author(s): Jeremy Bertomeu, Robert P. Magee This paper examines the demand for disclosure rules by informed managers interested in increasing the market price of their firms. Within a model of political influence, a majority of managers chooses disclosure rules with which all firms must comply. In equilibrium, disclosure rules are asymmetric with greater levels of disclosure over adverse events. This asymmetry is positively associated with the informativeness of the measurement and increasing in the level of verifiability and ex-ante uncertainty of the information. The theory also offers implications about the relation between mandatory and voluntary disclosure, when both channels are endogenous.
Publication date: November–December 2014 Source:Journal of Accounting and Economics, Volume 58, Issues 2–3 Author(s): Mark DeFond, Jieying Zhang We define higher audit quality as greater assurance of high financial reporting quality. Researchers use many proxies for audit quality, with little guidance on choosing among them. We provide a framework for systematically evaluating their unique strengths and weaknesses. Because it is inextricably intertwined with financial reporting quality, audit quality also depends on firms’ innate characteristics and financial reporting systems. Our review of the models commonly used to disentangle these constructs suggests the need for better conceptual guidance. Finally, we urge more research on the role of auditor and client competency in driving audit quality.
Publication date: April–May 2014 Source:Journal of Accounting and Economics, Volume 57, Issues 2–3 Author(s): Anup Srivastava The properties of earnings have changed dramatically over the past 40 years. Prior studies interpret this trend as a decline in earnings quality but disagree on whether it results from changes in the real economy or changes in accounting standards. I find that each new cohort of listed firms exhibits lower earnings quality than its predecessors, mainly because of higher intangible intensity. I conclude that the trend of decline in earnings quality is due more to changes in the sample of firms than to changes in generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) or in the earnings quality of previously listed firms.